Updated February 26, 2019
All event locations will be held at Marriott at the University of Dayton unless otherwise stated
Tuesday 0730-0930 Room TBA (to be announced)
International participants are invited to join us for breakfast any time between 0730 and 0930 to get acquainted or to catch up before the meeting.
Neuroergonomics in Aviation: Translating Human Performance Assessment from Lab to Operational Environment
Tuesday, 0930-1530 Room TBA
Drexel University, United States
Wright State University, United States
Middle East Technical University, Turkey
We have seen a marked increase in the availability of measurement techniques in assessing various aspects of cognition that are prevalent in aerospace domain. It is inevitable that any discussion on aviation psychology includes such cognitive constructs as attention and cognitive workload as well as their relationship with human performance in safety critical environments. The neuroergonomics approach, introduced by Parasuraman (2008) paved the way for widespread use of wearable physiological monitoring sensors and real-time analytic techniques to enable objective assessment of human operators’ neurophysiological state (Parasuraman & Rizzo, 2008). These sensor technologies are now everywhere, and the means to assess our neurophysiological state is rapidly becoming ubiquitous. Moreover, this trend also provides end-users with an opportunity to now apply such technologies in more contextually real and dynamic environments. Hence, this workshop will focus on know-how exchange and discussion on the most common and most frequently used for monitoring brain function, including functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), electroencephalography (EEG), eye tracker, and functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS). The speakers will share in-depth knowledge on pros and cons of these select techniques, their potential implementation in aviation and information processing and analysis.
Applied Cognitive Systems Engineering in Air Traffic Control
Tuesday, 0930-1530, Room TBA
René van Paassen, Jelmer Reitsma, Annemarie Landman
Delft University of Technology / TNO Netherlands
Attendees of this workshop will need to bring their own (mac, linux or windows-based) laptop.
Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE) and its main application, Ecological Interface Design (EID), are approximately 30 years old now. Starting with an example application in process control, and a seminal publication in 1992, EID found its way into process control first. This sparked interest in other safety-critical application domains, most notably, vehicle control in the aviation domain.
A distinctive trait of the approach has been the recognition that in all human endeavors we are bound by the constraints posed upon us by our surroundings. Our design choices, economics, goals and needs and the physics of the world constrain the possible courses of action. The starting point in CSE is to determine what these constraints are. In contrast to “Cognitive Psychology” approaches, CSE starts not by looking what is inside the head (of the operator or user), but at what the head is inside of. EID continues by finding a visualization for the constraints thus discovered.
In this workshop a test case of designing a visualization for Air Traffic Control separation support will be central. First, a theoretical background will be provided dealing with the utilization of a constraint-based design method in the domain of air traffic control. Next, participants are invited to work on a work domain analysis, and reflect on how results of this analysis may influence display design. In response to this reflection, the workshop organizers will explain several approaches and EID designs in aircraft energy management, conflict resolution and Air Traffic Control applications. Finally, the workshop participants can experience work with an ATC simulation, with and without support from an ecological display. As such, this workshop completes a full design cycle comprising theory, modeling, and evaluation.
The presenters are with the Delft University of Technology. TU Delft has been working on applying Cognitive Systems Engineering to aviation and vehicle control for well over a decade now. An overview of this progress is given in
Van Paassen, M. M., Borst, C., Ellerbroek., J., Mulder, M., & Flach, J. M. (2018). Ecological Interface Design for Vehicle Locomotion Control. IEEE Transactions on Human-Machine Systems, 48, 541–555. http://doi.org/10.1109/THMS.2018.2860601
Using Patterns Characterizing Group Differences to Solve Data Analysis Problems
Tuesday, 1000-1500, Room TBA
Wright State University, United States
This workshop will present several pattern-based methods for solving data analysis problems that are challenging to traditional approaches. The novelty and power of the methods are based on the manner in which they make use of patterns that characterize group differences. For this workshop, group differences will be represented by emerging patterns (aka contrast patterns) that distinguish two given data groups or classes. A data group is just a set of data instances of particular interest to a data analyst. While the methods were originally developed in the field of data mining and machine learning, this workshop will present the methods and related materials in a fashion suitable for researchers and practitioners whose background is not computer science. The workshop will present quite a few successful applications in non-computing disciplines to illustrate the methods. It is hoped that this workshop will inspire researchers to replicate the success in those applications by solving similar data analysis problems in aviation psychology.
We now give some highlight on how emerging patterns can be used. Emerging patterns can be used as distinguishing characterizations of a given data group. This power has been used many times by researchers, for example to discover biomarkers for given diseases, to determine “conditions under which street crimes are likely to occur”, to identify patterns that are unique in specific music types, and so on. Emerging patterns are highly discriminative with respect to give data classes. This makes them highly useful for classification modeling. Emerging patterns can represent multi-factor interactions for given complex diseases/problems. This makes them useful for ranking factors and for identifying the most influential factors for complex problems. Emerring patterns can be used to characterize subpopulations where a given prediction model makes large prediction errors and where new models can lead to significant prediction error reduction. This makes them useful for prediction modeling and improvement. Besides the above four uses (namely characterization, classification, factor ranking for complex problems, model analysis and improvement), emerging patterns have also been used for clustering, outlier/anomaly detection, regression, and subpopulationwise conditional correlation analysis. Interestingly, these emerging pattern based methods do not need to use distance metrics, thus avoiding pitfalls of such metrics in exploratory analysis over high dimensional data. Moreover, expert use of emerging patterns help one to get improved problem solving results by going beyond traditional methods which rely on one or two dimensional techniques.
This workshop is based a book entitled “Exploiting the Power of Group Differences: Using Patterns to Solve Data Analysis Problems” authored by the presenter.
Stanley Roscoe Best Student Paper Competition Finalists’ Presentation
Tuesday 1600-1800 Room TBA
The student finalists will be selected by a panel of judges based on paper submissions. The finalists are requested to present their work to the panel of judges on Tuesday, May 7 and the winner will be recognized during the Wednesday Banquet, May 8. All are welcome to attend the finalists’ presentations and have a first look at the students that will create the future of Aviation Psychology!
Tuesday 1900-2100 TBA
Celebrate the Opening of the Symposium! Come catch up with your old friends and meet new ones. Chat about your latest conquests and greatest strides or follies made in aviation psychology in the midst of great food and a cash bar.
Wednesday 0830-955 Room TBA
Aviation Human Factors:
Lessons Learned From the Sifting Through the Ashes
Hon. Robert Sumwalt
National Transportation Safety Board, United States
As a 13-year member and now Chairman of the US National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), Chairman Sumwalt will discuss lessons learned from aircraft accident investigation, with an emphasis on aviation human factors. Using actual aircraft accidents, Robert will discuss how things can go wrong when human factors are not considered and incorporated into design of the system and its operation and maintenance.
Wednesday 1315-1405, Room TBA
Neuroscience-Inspired Multisensory Design
Dr. Charles Spence
Oxford University, United Kingdom
In this talk, I will demonstrate how the perceptual quality of any interface or system cannot really be understood without reference to the emerging field of multisensory integration research. There has been a growing realization in recent years of the importance of multisensory design: The idea here being that one’s product, device, or interface should have multiple sensory touch points. However, what many people typically fail to realize are the profound, if often surprising, ways in which changing one sensory attribute of a product, system, or interface can impact on a user’s perception of qualities that are more normally associated with another sense. So, for example, one can change the feel of a mobile device by changing the sound it makes when the user touches it. Research on multisensory perception is also starting to provide important insights for the design of multisensory displays and warning systems for human operators working in a variety of situations, focusing in particular on multisensory warning signals for car drivers. The hope is that by gaining a better understanding of the rules governing multisensory perception, and the different neural circuits controlling attention/behaviour in different regions of space, in humans we will gain a better handle on both measuring, and knowing how to improve the perceived quality and usability of a variety of systems, interfaces, devices making them more more intuitive to use/respond to, and possibly even safer too.
Friday 1315-1405 Room TBA
Re-Architecting the Human-Autonomy Team
Dr. Amy R. Pritchett
Pennsylvania State University, United States
As machine technologies have advanced, aviation has evolved into human-autonomy teaming architectures that have machines doing things, and humans supervising. Is this the right architecture for human-autonomy teams in aviation? This talk will muse about other architectures for human-autonomy teams that can better support the human contribution to safety, noting the machine capabilities that aviation human factors practitioners should help technologists develop.
Wednesday 1550-1715 and Thursday 1630-1755 Room TBA
Circulate and discuss the latest findings with the presenters while enjoying hors d’oeuvres and a cash bar. The collegial atmosphere will be a great way to conclude the day’s technical activities and transition into the evening’s activities.
The ISAP Banquet at the Dayton Art Institute
Wednesday 1800-2200, 456 Belmonte Park North, Dayton, Ohio 45405
The official ISAP Banquet will be held at the Dayton Art Institute. The museum is one of the region’s premier fine arts museum with a collection that spans 5,000 years of art history. The museum sits atop a hill on the edge of the Great Miami River overlooking downtown Dayton. The museum’s founding patrons included prominent community leaders such as Orville Wright and the Pattersons of NCR (National Cash Register). The Dicke Wing of American Art and the Berry Wing of European Art will be open until the start of dinner. There will be a cash bar at the Gothic Cloister starting at 1800. Dinner starts at 1900.
Invited Banquet Speaker
Induction of ISAP Honorary Fellows
This year we honor Dr. Diane Damos for her enduring and extraordinary contributions to the field of aviation psychology.
Dr. Diane Damos received her doctorate in Aviation Psychology in 1977 from the University of Illinois. She held faculty positions in Industrial Engineering at SUNY Buffalo, Psychology at Arizona State University, and Human Factors in the Institute of Safety and Systems Management at the University of Southern California. During her academic career, Dr. Damos’ research was focused on timesharing to develop new pilot selection measures. She currently teaches courses on pilot selection and interviewing for the Centre Quebecois de Formation Aeronautique in Montreal, Canada. In 1997 Dr. Damos founded Damos Aviation Services, Inc. (DAS). This company specializes in developing pilot selection systems for airlines and flying training schools. Dr. Damos has consulted on pilot selection for air carriers and flight schools in the United States, Canada, Africa, the West Indies, and Asia. She has lectured and taught courses and seminars on pilot selection in Taiwan, South Africa, Spain, and Canada as well as in the United States. Dr. Damos is a Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society and the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society. She is an Associate Fellow of the Aerospace Medical Association. She served on the National Academy of Sciences/National Research Council Panel of Human Factors in Air Traffic Control Automation. She served on the editorial board of the International Journal of Aviation Psychology from 1990 to 2017 and was a domain editor from 2017-2018. She is a past president of the Association for Aviation Psychology.
Stanley N. Roscoe Best Student Paper Award
Winner of the Best Student Paper Competition will be recognized at the banquet.
Student Review Panel Chair: Dr. Brian D. Simpson (Air Force Research Laboratory)
Plenary Practitioner and Researcher Panels
Thursday and Friday 0830-0955 Room TBA
The overarching goal of the Practitioners and Researchers panels is to foster dialogues between operational personnel and researchers towards a safer and serviceable sky.
- The charge to the practitioner panelists is to articulate their operational challenges and to inform the aviation community of their vision of a more efficacious aviation system. What are the pressing issues? What are the technical and human performance challenges that must be met in order to achieve our highest aspirations for future aviation systems?
- The charge to the researcher panelists is to explore the value of basic research for guiding applications and the reciprocal relation in which practical innovations and failures feedback to challenge conventional theories and to shape our basic understanding of human performance and human-technology systems. The researcher panelists are asked to present theoretical, methodological, or technological approaches that can be applied to enhance the efficiency or safety of any aspect of the aviation system and to provide examples of fruitful translational research.
Rochester Institute of Technology
Thomas R. Carretta
Senior Research Psychologist
Air Force Research Laboratory
Bundeswehr University Munich
M. M. (René) van Paassen
Delft University of Technology
Christopher D. Wickens
Colorado State University
Michael A. Vidulich
Senior Research Psychologist
Air Force Research Laboratory
Following the Thursday Poster Session, you are free to explore Dayton on your own or join one of the Restaurant Groups in the Dayton Downtown area. Please visit the Registration Table to sign up for a Restaurant Group by Thursday noon.
Student Night Out – New this year !!!
Following the Thursday Poster Session, we invite students to join other students for dinner! This will be a great opportunity to meet other young professionals and see some of Dayton!
Friday 1800-2000 Carillon Historical Park
Relax and recharge at a picnic with fun, food, and drinks on the final evening of the symposium! The picnic will be held at Dayton’s Carillon Historical Park. Carillon Park is an open-air museum focused on Dayton’s history. The Carillon bell tower is one of the largest in the nation at 151 feet and 57 bells!
Tour of Selected National Aviation Heritage Sites
The tour will visit several museums that showcase key aspects of the aviation history of Dayton.
- Wright “B” Flyer; a flyable look-alike of the world’s first mass-produced airplane that was manufactured in the Wright Company factory in Dayton from 1910 to 1911. The look alike was built by a group of local aviation enthusiasts. Depending on the weather, short flights in the aircraft are possible for a fee of $100 (entry to museum is free)
- Wright-Dunbar Interpretive Center located in a building where Wilbur and Orville had a second-floor printing business from 1890-1895. Displays of much of the Wright Brothers early history are presented including a replica of one of their early gliders.
- The Huffman Prairie Flying Field Interpretive Center overlooks the Huffman Prairie where the Wright Brothers did the dangerous work of developing their experimental craft into a practical aircraft. Exhibits focus on the Wright bothers’ development of the world’s first practical airplane and their flying school opened in 1910.
- National Museum of the United States Air Force where exhibits cover the full history of flight, from the Wrights to modern space exploration.
Note that you may leave the tour any time or stay at a particular stop for longer. It will be possible to arrange transportation (e.g., taxi or Uber) from any of the sites to return directly to your hotel or to go to the airport.